“We are just an advanced breed of monkeys on a minor planet of a very average star. But we can understand the Universe. That makes us something very special.” – says Stephen Hawking
Stephen Hawking, a name with the victory of intellect over adversity, the man with the power of the mind. People think he is the man to be immortal. He is the inspiration-incarnate to many of us as he survived a condition that may seem spine-breaking to many. His contribution to the field of theoretical cosmology, physics, general relativity, gravitational theorems, black holes is outstanding.
Strong will power was his one of the best physical ability. He born on 8th January 1942 in Oxford, England. In spite of diagnosing with a crippling disease at the age of 21, his work in scientist field got better and thicker and he set a success in scientific insights on his theory of black holes. Although depending on the wheelchair and computerized voice system, he could combine his family life. He has 3 children and 3 grandchildren. He was always into theoretical physics, in addition to an extensive programme of travel and public lectures.
His main focus was always in the field of theoretical cosmology. He always focused on the evolution of universe which is governed by the laws of general relativity.
He became a member of the Institute of Astronomy in Cambridge in 1968.
In 1970, Hawking discovered the ‘Second Law of Black Hole Dynamics.
Hawking visited Moscow in 1973 and he came up with ‘Hawking Radiation.’
He got recognition when his research was published in print and TV interviews.
He was appointed as a professor with a chair in gravitational physics in 1977.
In spite of losing control of his speech, he was appointed as the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the Cambridge University in 1979.
The Very Early Universe’, a workshop organized by Gary Gibbons and Hawking in 1982.
Californian computer programmer invented a speaking program that could be directed by eye or head movement when Hawking lost control of his speech.
A book titled ‘Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays’ is a collection of his essays, interviews, and talk, which was published in 1993.
He wrote a book – The Universe in Nutshell’ in 2001 and ‘A Briefer History of Time in 2005.
Documentaries were made on him – The Real Stephen Hawking in 2001, Stephen Hawking: Profile in 2002, Hawking in 2004 and Stephen Hawking, Master of the Universe in 2008.
Professor Stephen Hawking has thirteen honorary degrees. He was awarded ‘Commander of the Order of the British Empire’ – CBE (1982), the Wolf Foundation prize (1988), Companion of Honor by Her Highness (1989), Copley Medal (2006), the Presidential Medal of Freedom (2009), most notably the Russian Fundamental Physics prize (2013). The ‘Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society,’ the ‘Paul Dirac Medal,’ ‘Julius Edgar Lilienfeld Prize,’ ‘ ‘the Copley Medal,’ which he received for his work.
He believed that human life is at risk and said that “a sudden nuclear war, a genetically engineered virus or other dangers we have not yet thought of” can wipe us off the earth.